码迷,mamicode.com
首页 > 数据库 > 详细

Oracle update to 19c using DBUA

时间:2019-10-15 17:25:55      阅读:355      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:logs   mode   ever   验证   virt   pass   准备   pes   manual   

升级关键点
1.可以从11.2.0.4、12.1.0.2、12.2.0.1和18c直接升级到19c。
2.兼容参数至少应为11.2.0
3.升级后,Oracle默认帐户(在升级之前尚未重置其密码)将被锁定并设置为NO AUTHENICATE MODE。
4.升级后,由于采用了新的身份验证方法,您可能无法使用密码登录现有用户。 若要解决此问题,需要更新sqlnet.ora文件。
?
软件准备
数据库软件
数据库升级版本:
Oracle Database 19.3.0.0
当前环境详细信息
DATABASE TYPE – single
DATABASE NAME – TESTDB
DATABASE VESION – 12.1.0.2
CURRENT ORACLE_HOME=/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1
NEW ORACLE_HOME = /oracle/app/oracle/product/19.0.0.0/dbhome_1

**安装DB**

解压安装包创建安装目录
unzip the binary and run runInstaller.sh
mkdir -p /oracle/app/oracle/product/19.0.0.0/dbhome_1

安装数据库软件
技术图片

技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片

升级前检查
运行升级前工具脚本
oracle数据库二进制文件提供了preupgrade.jar工具文件。运行此进行预检查

export ORACLE_HOME=/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1

$ORACLE_HOME/jdk/bin/java -jar /oracle/app/oracle/product/19.0.0.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/admin/preupgrade.jar

==================
PREUPGRADE SUMMARY

/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/TESTDB/preupgrade/preupgrade.log
/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/TESTDB/preupgrade/preupgrade_fixups.sql
/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/TESTDB/preupgrade/postupgrade_fixups.sql

Execute fixup scripts as indicated below:

Before upgrade:

Log into the database and execute the preupgrade fixups
@/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/TESTDB/preupgrade/preupgrade_fixups.sql

After the upgrade:

Log into the database and execute the postupgrade fixups
@/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/TESTDB/preupgrade/postupgrade_fixups.sql

Preupgrade complete: 2019-08-26T13:09:51

运行升级前修正脚本

SQL> @/oracle/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/TESTDB/preupgrade/preupgrade_fixups.sql

Executing Oracle PRE-Upgrade Fixup Script

Auto-Generated by: Oracle Preupgrade Script
Version: 19.0.0.0.0 Build: 1
Generated on: 2019-08-26 13:09:37

For Source Database: TESTDB
Source Database Version: 12.1.0.2.0
For Upgrade to Version: 19.0.0.0.0

Preup Preupgrade
Action Issue Is
Number Preupgrade Check Name Remedied Further DBA Action


1.  invalid_objects_exist     NO          Manual fixup recommended.
2.  exclusive_mode_auth       NO          Manual fixup recommended.
3.  case_insensitive_auth     NO          Manual fixup recommended.
4.  underscore_events         NO          Informational only.
                                          Further action is optional.
5.  dictionary_stats          YES         None.
6.  parameter_deprecated      NO          Informational only.
                                          Further action is optional.
7.  min_archive_dest_size     NO          Informational only.
                                          Further action is optional.
8.  rman_recovery_version     NO          Informational only.
                                          Further action is optional.

The fixup scripts have been run and resolved what they can. However,
there are still issues originally identified by the preupgrade that
have not been remedied and are still present in the database.
Depending on the severity of the specific issue, and the nature of
the issue itself, that could mean that your database is not ready
for upgrade. To resolve the outstanding issues, start by reviewing
the preupgrade_fixups.sql and searching it for the name of
the failed CHECK NAME or Preupgrade Action Number listed above.
There you will find the original corresponding diagnostic message
from the preupgrade which explains in more detail what still needs
to be done.

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

运行utlrp.sql :(编译无效对象)

SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql

SQL> select count(*) from dba_objects where status=‘INVALID‘;

COUNT(*)


     0

检查数据库组件状态
set pagesize500
set linesize 100
select substr(comp_name,1,40) comp_name, status, substr(version,1,10) version from dba_registry order by comp_name;

COMP_NAME


STATUS VERSION


JServer JAVA Virtual Machine
VALID 12.1.0.2.0

Oracle Database Catalog Views
VALID 12.1.0.2.0

Oracle Database Java Packages
VALID 12.1.0.2.0

Oracle Database Packages and Types
VALID 12.1.0.2.0

Oracle Multimedia
VALID 12.1.0.2.0

Oracle Text
VALID 12.1.0.2.0

Oracle Workspace Manager
VALID 12.1.0.2.0

Oracle XDK
VALID 12.1.0.2.0

Oracle XML Database
VALID 12.1.0.2.0

SQL> SELECT o.name FROM sys.obj$ o, sys.user$ u, sys.sum$ s WHERE o.type# = 42 AND bitand(s.mflags, 8) =8;

no rows selected

检查时区版本
SQL> select * from v$timezone_file;

FILENAME VERSION CON_ID


timezlrg_18.dat 18 0

在备份模式下检查文件:(应返回零行)
SQL> SELECT * FROM v$backup WHERE status != ‘NOT ACTIVE‘;

no rows selected

SQL> SELECT * FROM v$recover_file;

no rows selected

清除回收站
SQL> SELECT * FROM v$backup WHERE status != ‘NOT ACTIVE‘;

no rows selected

SQL> SELECT * FROM v$recover_file;

no rows selected

升级数据库
Enable the flashback on the database.

  1. To enable restore , in case of failure, enable flashback option.

alter system set db_recovery_file_dest_size=20G scope=both;
alter system set db_recovery_file_dest=‘/dumparea/FRA/‘ scope=both;
alter database flashback on;

export ORACLE_HOME=/oracle/app/oracle/product/19.0.0.0/dbhome_1/
cd $ORACLE_HOME/bin
./dbua
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
技术图片
Upgrade completed successfully.
升级后检查
SQL> select comp_id,status from dba_registry;

COMP_ID STATUS


CATALOG VALID
CATPROC VALID
JAVAVM VALID
XML VALID
CATJAVA VALID
RAC OPTION OFF
XDB VALID
OWM VALID
CONTEXT VALID
ORDIM VALID

10 rows selected.

SQL> select * from v$timezone_file;

FILENAME VERSION CON_ID


timezlrg_32.dat 32 0

更新sqlnet.ora文件
Post upgrade, you might not be able to connect to the existing users with the passwords. So to fix this add SQLNET.ALLOWED_LOGON_VERSION_SERVER=11 to sqlnet.ora file
export ORACLE_HOME=/oracle/app/oracle/product/19.0.0.0/dbhome_1
cd $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin
cat sqlnet.ora

SQLNET.ALLOWED_LOGON_VERSION_SERVER=11

一旦确认升级成功并且没有回滚,就可以删除还原点。
select * from v$restore_point;

drop restore point

在升级后更新兼容的参数
升级成功后,请对数据库进行测试。 测试成功后,您可以更新兼容参数。 但是,一旦更新了兼容参数,就无法降级数据库。 因此,在更新兼容参数之前,请务必进行适当的测试并进行完整备份。

alter system set compatible=‘19.0.0‘ scope=spfile;
shutdown immediate;
startup

SELECT name, value FROM v$parameter
WHERE name = ‘compatible‘;

Oracle update to 19c using DBUA

标签:logs   mode   ever   验证   virt   pass   准备   pes   manual   

原文地址:https://blog.51cto.com/11298469/2442627

(0)
(0)
   
举报
评论 一句话评论(0
登录后才能评论!
© 2014 mamicode.com 版权所有 京ICP备13008772号-2
迷上了代码!