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python合并pdf并添加书签

时间:2019-12-08 00:54:26      阅读:28      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:cap   puts   read   efi   encrypted   prope   rdo   asc   values   

初步熟悉

安装

pip install  pypdf2

合并并添加书签

#!/usr/bin/env python3.5
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Time    : 2019/12/1 下午3:42
# @Author  : yon
# @Email   : [email protected]
# @File    : tt.py

import os , os.path
from PyPDF2 import PdfFileReader, PdfFileWriter
import time
# import glob
#
# def getFileName(filepath):
#     filelist = glob.glob(filepath + "*.pdf")
#     # print(filelist)
#     # return filelist
#     list_a = []
#     for i in filelist:
#         print(i[22:-1])
#         list_a.append(i[22:])
#     for ii in  sorted(list_a):
#         print(ii)
#
#
#
# getFileName("/home/yon/Desktop/pdf/")
pdffile = "/home/yon/Desktop/pdf/688:TheOutCrowd.pdf"
pdffile1 = "/home/yon/Desktop/pdf/652:ICECapades.pdf"
pdfreader = PdfFileReader(pdffile)
pdfreader1 = PdfFileReader(pdffile1)
numbber = pdfreader.getNumPages()
print(numbber)
bookmark = PdfFileWriter()
bookmark.appendPagesFromReader(pdfreader)
bookmark.appendPagesFromReader(pdfreader1)
bookmark.addBookmark("00test", 0)
bookmark.addBookmark("11test", 1)
bookmark.addBookmark("22test", 2)
bookmark.addBookmark("44test", 4)
bookmark.addBookmark("77test", 7)
bookmark.addBookmark("652:ICECapades", numbber)
bookmark.write(open("/home/yon/Desktop/1tttt.pdf", 'wb'))

注意:
在指定的页面添加书签时候要注意,PyPDF2中pdf的页面是从0开始的,即在序列0添加书签时会跳到首页,在n处添加书签时会跳转至n+1页。

PyPDF2使用说明

官网:
https://pythonhosted.org/PyPDF2/PdfFileWriter.html

The PdfFileReader Class

class PyPDF2.PdfFileReader(stream, strict=True, warndest=None, overwriteWarnings=True)
Initializes a PdfFileReader object. This operation can take some time, as the PDF stream’s cross-reference tables are read into memory.
参数说明:

Parameters: 
        stream – A File object or an object that supports the standard read and seek methods similar to a File object. Could also be a string representing a path to a PDF file.
        流,一个文件对象或是类似文件对象的支持标准的读和搜索方法的一个对象,也可以是一个代表了pdf文件路径的字符串
        strict (bool) – Determines whether user should be warned of all problems and also causes some correctable problems to be fatal. Defaults to True.
        严格(bool类型)确定是否应警告用户所有问题,并会导致一些可纠正的问题致命
        warndest – Destination for logging warnings (defaults to sys.stderr).
        警告目的    警告日志的记录目的,默认为sys.stderr
        overwriteWarnings (bool) – Determines whether to override Python’s warnings.py module with a custom implementation (defaults to True).

一些方法:

##decrypt(password)
When using an encrypted / secured PDF file with the PDF Standard encryption handler, this function will allow the file to be decrypted. It checks the given password against the document’s user password and owner password, and then stores the resulting decryption key if either password is correct.

It does not matter which password was matched. Both passwords provide the correct decryption key that will allow the document to be used with this library.

Parameters: password (str) – The password to match.
Returns:    0 if the password failed, 1 if the password matched the user password, and 2 if the password matched the owner password.
Return type:    int
Raises NotImplementedError:
    if document uses an unsupported encryption method.
##documentInfo
Read-only property that accesses the getDocumentInfo() function.

##getDestinationPageNumber(destination)
Retrieve page number of a given Destination object

Parameters: destination (Destination) – The destination to get page number. Should be an instance of Destination
Returns:    the page number or -1 if page not found
Return type:    int

##getDocumentInfo()
Retrieves the PDF file’s document information dictionary, if it exists. Note that some PDF files use metadata streams instead of docinfo dictionaries, and these metadata streams will not be accessed by this function.

Returns:    the document information of this PDF file
Return type:    DocumentInformation or None if none exists.

##getFields(tree=None, retval=None, fileobj=None)
Extracts field data if this PDF contains interactive form fields. The tree and retval parameters are for recursive use.

Parameters: fileobj – A file object (usually a text file) to write a report to on all interactive form fields found.
Returns:    A dictionary where each key is a field name, and each value is a Field object. By default, the mapping name is used for keys.
Return type:    dict, or None if form data could not be located.

##getFormTextFields()
Retrieves form fields from the document with textual data (inputs, dropdowns)

##getNamedDestinations(tree=None, retval=None)
Retrieves the named destinations present in the document.

Returns:    a dictionary which maps names to Destinations.
Return type:    dict


##getNumPages()
Calculates the number of pages in this PDF file.

Returns:    number of pages
Return type:    int
Raises PdfReadError:
    if file is encrypted and restrictions prevent this action.

##getOutlines(node=None, outlines=None)
Retrieves the document outline present in the document.

Returns:    a nested list of Destinations.

##getPage(pageNumber)
Retrieves a page by number from this PDF file.

Parameters: pageNumber (int) – The page number to retrieve (pages begin at zero)
Returns:    a PageObject instance.
Return type:    PageObject

##getPageLayout()
Get the page layout. See setPageLayout() for a description of valid layouts.

Returns:    Page layout currently being used.
Return type:    str, None if not specified

##getPageMode()
Get the page mode. See setPageMode() for a description of valid modes.

Returns:    Page mode currently being used.
Return type:    str, None if not specified

##getPageNumber(page)
Retrieve page number of a given PageObject

Parameters: page (PageObject) – The page to get page number. Should be an instance of PageObject
Returns:    the page number or -1 if page not found
Return type:    int

##getXmpMetadata()
Retrieves XMP (Extensible Metadata Platform) data from the PDF document root.

Returns:    a XmpInformation instance that can be used to access XMP metadata from the document.
Return type:    XmpInformation or None if no metadata was found on the document root.

##isEncrypted
Read-only boolean property showing whether this PDF file is encrypted. Note that this property, if true, will remain true even after the decrypt() method is called.

##namedDestinations
Read-only property that accesses the getNamedDestinations() function.

##numPages
Read-only property that accesses the getNumPages() function.

##outlines
Read-only property that accesses the
getOutlines() function.

##pageLayout
Read-only property accessing the getPageLayout() method.

##pageMode
Read-only property accessing the getPageMode() method.

##pages
Read-only property that emulates a list based upon the getNumPages() and getPage() methods.

##xmpMetadata?
Read-only property that accesses the getXmpMetadata() function

The PdfFileMerger Class

class PyPDF2.PdfFileMerger(strict=True)
参数说明

Initializes a PdfFileMerger object. PdfFileMerger merges multiple PDFs into a single PDF. It can concatenate, slice, insert, or any combination of the above.

See the functions merge() (or append()) and write() for usage information.

Parameters: strict (bool) – Determines whether user should be warned of all problems and also causes some correctable problems to be fatal. Defaults to True.

方法和属性

##addBookmark(title, pagenum, parent=None)
Add a bookmark to this PDF file.

Parameters: 
title (str) – Title to use for this bookmark.
pagenum (int) – Page number this bookmark will point to.
parent – A reference to a parent bookmark to create nested bookmarks.

##addMetadata(infos)
Add custom metadata to the output.

Parameters: infos (dict) – a Python dictionary where each key is a field and each value is your new metadata. Example: {u'/Title': u'My title'}


##addNamedDestination(title, pagenum)
Add a destination to the output.

Parameters: 
title (str) – Title to use
pagenum (int) – Page number this destination points at.

##append(fileobj, bookmark=None, pages=None, import_bookmarks=True)
Identical to the merge() method, but assumes you want to concatenate all pages onto the end of the file instead of specifying a position.

Parameters: 
fileobj – A File Object or an object that supports the standard read and seek methods similar to a File Object. Could also be a string representing a path to a PDF file.
bookmark (str) – Optionally, you may specify a bookmark to be applied at the beginning of the included file by supplying the text of the bookmark.
pages – can be a Page Range or a (start, stop[, step]) tuple to merge only the specified range of pages from the source document into the output document.
import_bookmarks (bool) – You may prevent the source document’s bookmarks from being imported by specifying this as False.

##close()
Shuts all file descriptors (input and output) and clears all memory usage.

##merge(position, fileobj, bookmark=None, pages=None, import_bookmarks=True)
Merges the pages from the given file into the output file at the specified page number.

Parameters: 
position (int) – The page number to insert this file. File will be inserted after the given number.
fileobj – A File Object or an object that supports the standard read and seek methods similar to a File Object. Could also be a string representing a path to a PDF file.
bookmark (str) – Optionally, you may specify a bookmark to be applied at the beginning of the included file by supplying the text of the bookmark.
pages – can be a Page Range or a (start, stop[, step]) tuple to merge only the specified range of pages from the source document into the output document.
import_bookmarks (bool) – You may prevent the source document’s bookmarks from being imported by specifying this as False.

##setPageLayout(layout)
Set the page layout

Parameters: layout (str) – The page layout to be used

Valid layouts are:
/NoLayout   Layout explicitly not specified
/SinglePage Show one page at a time
/OneColumn  Show one column at a time
/TwoColumnLeft  Show pages in two columns, odd-numbered pages on the left
/TwoColumnRight
    Show pages in two columns, odd-numbered pages on the right
/TwoPageLeft    Show two pages at a time, odd-numbered pages on the left
/TwoPageRight   Show two pages at a time, odd-numbered pages on the right


##setPageMode(mode)
Set the page mode.

Parameters: mode (str) – The page mode to use.
Valid modes are:
/UseNone    Do not show outlines or thumbnails panels
/UseOutlines    Show outlines (aka bookmarks) panel
/UseThumbs  Show page thumbnails panel
/FullScreen Fullscreen view
/UseOC  Show Optional Content Group (OCG) panel
/UseAttachments
    Show attachments panel

##write(fileobj)
Writes all data that has been merged to the given output file.

Parameters: fileobj – Output file. Can be a filename or any kind of file-like object.

The PdfFileWriter Class

class PyPDF2.PdfFileWriter

This class supports writing PDF files out, given pages produced by another class (typically PdfFileReader)

类的属性和方法


##addAttachment(fname, fdata)
    Embed a file inside the PDF.

    Parameters: 
    fname (str) – The filename to display.
    fdata (str) – The data in the file.
    Reference: https://www.adobe.com/content/dam/Adobe/en/devnet/acrobat/pdfs/PDF32000_2008.pdf Section 7.11.3

##addBlankPage(width=None, height=None)
    Appends a blank page to this PDF file and returns it. If no page size is specified, use the size of the last page.

    Parameters: 
    width (float) – The width of the new page expressed in default user space units.
    height (float) – The height of the new page expressed in default user space units.
    Returns:    
    the newly appended page

    Return type:    
    PageObject

    Raises PageSizeNotDefinedError:
        
    if width and height are not defined and previous page does not exist.


##addBookmark(title, pagenum, parent=None, color=None, bold=False, italic=False, fit='/Fit', *args)
    Add a bookmark to this PDF file.

    Parameters: 
    title (str) – Title to use for this bookmark.
    pagenum (int) – Page number this bookmark will point to.
    parent – A reference to a parent bookmark to create nested bookmarks.
    color (tuple) – Color of the bookmark as a red, green, blue tuple from 0.0 to 1.0
    bold (bool) – Bookmark is bold
    italic (bool) – Bookmark is italic
    fit (str) – The fit of the destination page. See addLink() for details.

##addJS(javascript)
    Add Javascript which will launch upon opening this PDF.

    Parameters: javascript (str) – Your Javascript.
    >>> output.addJS("this.print({bUI:true,bSilent:false,bShrinkToFit:true});")
    # Example: This will launch the print window when the PDF is opened.

##addLink(pagenum, pagedest, rect, border=None, fit='/Fit', *args)
    Add an internal link from a rectangular area to the specified page.

    Parameters: 
    pagenum (int) – index of the page on which to place the link.
    pagedest (int) – index of the page to which the link should go.
    rect – RectangleObject or array of four integers specifying the clickable rectangular area [xLL, yLL, xUR, yUR], or string in the form "[ xLL yLL xUR yUR ]".
    border – if provided, an array describing border-drawing properties. See the PDF spec for details. No border will be drawn if this argument is omitted.
    fit (str) – Page fit or ‘zoom’ option (see below). Additional arguments may need to be supplied. Passing None will be read as a null value for that coordinate.

    Valid zoom arguments (see Table 8.2 of the PDF 1.7 reference for details):
    /Fit    No additional arguments
    /XYZ    [left] [top] [zoomFactor]
    /FitH   [top]
    /FitV   [left]
    /FitR   [left] [bottom] [right] [top]
    /FitB   No additional arguments
    /FitBH  [top]
    /FitBV  [left]

##addMetadata(infos)
    Add custom metadata to the output.

    Parameters: infos (dict) – a Python dictionary where each key is a field and each value is your new metadata.

##addPage(page)
    Adds a page to this PDF file. The page is usually acquired from a PdfFileReader instance.

    Parameters: page (PageObject) – The page to add to the document. Should be an instance of PageObject

##appendPagesFromReader(reader, after_page_append=None)
    Copy pages from reader to writer. Includes an optional callback parameter which is invoked after pages are appended to the writer.

    Parameters: reader – a PdfFileReader object from which to copy page annotations to this writer object. The writer’s annots
    will then be updated :callback after_page_append (function): Callback function that is invoked after

    each page is appended to the writer. Callback signature:

    param writer_pageref (PDF page reference):
        Reference to the page appended to the writer.

##cloneDocumentFromReader(reader, after_page_append=None)
    Create a copy (clone) of a document from a PDF file reader

    Parameters: 
    reader – PDF file reader instance from which the clone should be created.

    Callback after_page_append (function):
        
    Callback function that is invoked after each page is appended to the writer. Signature includes a reference to the appended page (delegates to appendPagesFromReader). Callback signature:

    param writer_pageref (PDF page reference):
        Reference to the page just appended to the document.

##cloneReaderDocumentRoot(reader)
    Copy the reader document root to the writer.

    Parameters: reader – PdfFileReader from the document root should be copied.
    :callback after_page_append

##encrypt(user_pwd, owner_pwd=None, use_128bit=True)
    Encrypt this PDF file with the PDF Standard encryption handler.

    Parameters: 
    user_pwd (str) – The “user password”, which allows for opening and reading the PDF file with the restrictions provided.
    owner_pwd (str) – The “owner password”, which allows for opening the PDF files without any restrictions. By default, the owner password is the same as the user password.
    use_128bit (bool) – flag as to whether to use 128bit encryption. When false, 40bit encryption will be used. By default, this flag is on.

##getNumPages()
    Returns:    the number of pages.
    Return type:    int

##getPage(pageNumber)
    Retrieves a page by number from this PDF file.

    Parameters: pageNumber (int) – The page number to retrieve (pages begin at zero)
    Returns:    the page at the index given by pageNumber
    Return type:    PageObject

##getPageLayout()
    Get the page layout. See setPageLayout() for a description of valid layouts.

    Returns:    Page layout currently being used.
    Return type:    str, None if not specified
##getPageMode()

    Get the page mode. See setPageMode() for a description of valid modes.

    Returns:    Page mode currently being used.
    Return type:    str, None if not specified

##insertBlankPage(width=None, height=None, index=0)
    Inserts a blank page to this PDF file and returns it. If no page size is specified, use the size of the last page.

    Parameters: 
    width (float) – The width of the new page expressed in default user space units.
    height (float) – The height of the new page expressed in default user space units.
    index (int) – Position to add the page.
    Returns:    
    the newly appended page

    Return type:    
    PageObject

    Raises PageSizeNotDefinedError:
        
    if width and height are not defined and previous page does not exist.

##insertPage(page, index=0)
    Insert a page in this PDF file. The page is usually acquired from a PdfFileReader instance.

Parameters: 
    page (PageObject) – The page to add to the document. This argument should be an instance of PageObject.
    index (int) – Position at which the page will be inserted.

##pageLayout
    Read and write property accessing the getPageLayout() and setPageLayout() methods.

##pageMode
    Read and write property accessing the getPageMode() and setPageMode() methods.

##removeImages(ignoreByteStringObject=False)
    Removes images from this output.

    Parameters: ignoreByteStringObject (bool) – optional parameter to ignore ByteString Objects.

##removeLinks()
    Removes links and annotations from this output.

##removeText(ignoreByteStringObject=False)
    Removes images from this output.

    Parameters: ignoreByteStringObject (bool) – optional parameter to ignore ByteString Objects.

##setPageLayout(layout)
    Set the page layout

    Parameters: layout (str) – The page layout to be used
    Valid layouts are:
    /NoLayout   Layout explicitly not specified
    /SinglePage Show one page at a time
    /OneColumn  Show one column at a time
    /TwoColumnLeft  Show pages in two columns, odd-numbered pages on the left
    /TwoColumnRight
        Show pages in two columns, odd-numbered pages on the right
    /TwoPageLeft    Show two pages at a time, odd-numbered pages on the left
    /TwoPageRight   Show two pages at a time, odd-numbered pages on the right


##setPageMode(mode)
    Set the page mode.

    Parameters: mode (str) – The page mode to use.
    Valid modes are:
    /UseNone    Do not show outlines or thumbnails panels
    /UseOutlines    Show outlines (aka bookmarks) panel
    /UseThumbs  Show page thumbnails panel
    /FullScreen Fullscreen view
    /UseOC  Show Optional Content Group (OCG) panel
    /UseAttachments
        Show attachments panel

##updatePageFormFieldValues(page, fields)
    Update the form field values for a given page from a fields dictionary. Copy field texts and values from fields to page.

    Parameters: 
    page – Page reference from PDF writer where the annotations and field data will be updated.
    fields – a Python dictionary of field names (/T) and text values (/V)

##write(stream)
    Writes the collection of pages added to this object out as a PDF file.

    Parameters: stream – An object to write the file to. The object must support the write method and the tell method, similar to a file object.

python合并pdf并添加书签

标签:cap   puts   read   efi   encrypted   prope   rdo   asc   values   

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/g2thend/p/12003798.html

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