# 【C++】Strassen算法代码

``````/**
* Created by Mauve on 3/29/2020.
*/

#include <bits/stdc++.h>

using namespace std;

/**
* 矩阵相乘
* 最终结果耗时结果保存至
* https://www.desmos.com/calculator/gl4tm5i1zu
*/

struct mat {
unsigned row, col;

mat(unsigned r, unsigned c) : row(r), col(c) {}

virtual int &pos_ref(unsigned i, unsigned j) = 0;

virtual int pos(unsigned i, unsigned j) const = 0;
};

struct base_mat;
struct sub_mat;

stack<sub_mat *> sub_data;

struct base_mat : mat {
int *data;

base_mat(unsigned r, unsigned c) : mat(r, c), data(new int[row * col]) {}

~base_mat() {
delete[] data;
}

inline int &pos_ref(unsigned i, unsigned j) override {
return *(data + i * col + j);
}

inline int pos(unsigned i, unsigned j) const override {
return *(data + i * col + j);
}
};

unsigned min_mul;

struct sub_mat : mat {
mat *a, *b;
unsigned offset_ai, offset_aj, offset_bi, offset_bj;

explicit sub_mat(mat *data) : mat(data->row, data->col), a(data), b(nullptr),
offset_bi(0), offset_bj(0) { sub_data.push(this); }

sub_mat(mat *data, bool of_i, bool of_j) : mat(data->row >> 1u, data->col >> 1u), a(data), b(nullptr),
is_add(false), offset_ai(of_i ? data->row >> 1u : 0),
offset_aj(of_j ? data->col >> 1u : 0),
offset_bi(0), offset_bj(0) { sub_data.push(this); }

inline int &pos_ref(unsigned i, unsigned j) override {
assert(b == nullptr);
return a->pos_ref(i + offset_ai, j + offset_aj);
}

inline int pos(unsigned i, unsigned j) const override {
if (b == nullptr)
return a->pos(i + offset_ai, j + offset_aj);
return a->pos(i + offset_ai, j + offset_aj) + (is_add ? 1 : -1) * b->pos(i + offset_bi, j + offset_bj);
}

inline sub_mat *operator+(sub_mat &other) {
auto res = new sub_mat(this);
res->b = &other;
return res;
}

inline sub_mat *operator-(sub_mat &other) {
auto res = new sub_mat(this);
res->b = &other;
return res;
}

mat *operator*(sub_mat &other) {
assert(col == other.row);
auto res = new base_mat(row, other.col);
if (col & 1u || row & 1u || col <= min_mul || row <= min_mul || other.col <= min_mul) {
memset(res->data, 0, sizeof(int) * res->row * res->col);
for (int k = 0; k < col; k++)
for (int i = 0; i < row; ++i)
for (int j = 0; j < other.col; ++j)
res->pos_ref(i, j) += pos(i, k) * other.pos(k, j);
} else {
size_t sub_data_size = sub_data.size();
#define a(i, j) (*new sub_mat(this, i == 2 , j == 2))
#define b(i, j) (*new sub_mat(&other, i == 2 , j == 2))
auto m1 = *(a(1, 1) + a(2, 2)) * *(b(1, 1) + b (2, 2));
auto m2 = *(a(2, 1) + a(2, 2)) * b(1, 1);
auto m3 = a(1, 1) * *(b(1, 2) - b(2, 2));
auto m4 = a(2, 2) * *(b(2, 1) - b(1, 1));
auto m5 = *(a(1, 1) + a(1, 2)) * b(2, 2);
auto m6 = *(a(2, 1) - a(1, 1)) * *(b(1, 1) + b(1, 2));
auto m7 = *(a(1, 2) - a(2, 2)) * *(b(2, 1) + b(2, 2));
#undef a
#undef b
unsigned half_row = row >> 1u, half_col = col >> 1u;
#define m(t) (m##t->pos(i, j))
// C11
for (unsigned i = 0; i < half_row; ++i)
for (unsigned j = 0; j < half_col; ++j)
res->pos_ref(i, j) = m(1) + m(4) - m(5) + m(7);
// C12
for (unsigned i = 0; i < half_row; ++i)
for (unsigned j = 0; j < half_col; ++j)
res->pos_ref(i, j + half_col) = m(3) + m(5);
// C21
for (unsigned i = 0; i < half_row; ++i)
for (unsigned j = 0; j < half_col; ++j)
res->pos_ref(i + half_row, j) = m(2) + m(4);
// C22
for (unsigned i = 0; i < half_row; ++i)
for (unsigned j = 0; j < half_col; ++j)
res->pos_ref(i + half_row, j + half_col) = m(1) - m(2) + m(3) + m(6);
#undef m
delete dynamic_cast<base_mat *>(m1);
delete dynamic_cast<base_mat *>(m2);
delete dynamic_cast<base_mat *>(m3);
delete dynamic_cast<base_mat *>(m4);
delete dynamic_cast<base_mat *>(m5);
delete dynamic_cast<base_mat *>(m6);
delete dynamic_cast<base_mat *>(m7);
while (sub_data.size() > sub_data_size) {
delete sub_data.top();
sub_data.pop();
}
}
return res;
}
};

unsigned N = 2;

void solve() {
cerr << "N = " << N << endl;
base_mat a(N, N), b(N, N);
for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i)
for (int j = 0; j < N; ++j)
cin >> a.pos_ref(i, j);
for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i)
for (int j = 0; j < N; ++j)
cin >> b.pos_ref(i, j);

for (int t = 1; t < min(10u, N); t += 3) {
auto x = new sub_mat(&a), y = new sub_mat(&b);
min_mul = t;

auto time_1 = clock();
auto z = *x * *y;
auto time_2 = clock();

cerr << "t = " << t << " time: " << double(time_2 - time_1) / CLOCKS_PER_SEC << endl;
delete dynamic_cast<base_mat *>(z);
while (!sub_data.empty()) {
delete sub_data.top();
sub_data.pop();
}
}

auto x = new sub_mat(&a), y = new sub_mat(&b);
min_mul = 10000;

auto time_1 = clock();
auto z = *x * *y;
auto time_2 = clock();

cerr << "tradition: " << double(time_2 - time_1) / CLOCKS_PER_SEC << endl;
delete dynamic_cast<base_mat *>(z);
while (!sub_data.empty()) {
delete sub_data.top();
sub_data.pop();
}
N *= 2;
if (N >= 1000) exit(0);
}

signed main() {
ios_base::sync_with_stdio(false);
cin.tie(nullptr);
cout.tie(nullptr);
#ifdef ACM_LOCAL
freopen("in.txt", "r", stdin);
freopen("out.txt", "w", stdout);
long long test_index_for_debug = 1;
char acm_local_for_debug;
while (cin >> acm_local_for_debug && acm_local_for_debug != ‘~‘) {
cin.putback(acm_local_for_debug);
if (test_index_for_debug > 20) {
throw runtime_error("Check the stdin!!!");
}
auto start_clock_for_debug = clock();
solve();
auto end_clock_for_debug = clock();
cout << "Test " << test_index_for_debug << " successful" << endl;
cerr << "Test " << test_index_for_debug++ << " Run Time: "
<< double(end_clock_for_debug - start_clock_for_debug) / CLOCKS_PER_SEC << "s" << endl;
cout << "--------------------------------------------------" << endl;
}
#else
solve();
#endif
return 0;
}
``````

【C++】Strassen算法代码

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