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容器云平台No.3~kubernetes使用

时间:2020-09-23 23:07:43      阅读:27      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:命令   第一个   出现   pods   概念   nal   add   mat   war   

今天是是第三篇,接着上一篇继续

首先,通过kubectl可以看到,三个节点都正常运行

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl  get no 
NAME            STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION
k8s-master001   Ready    master   16h   v1.19.0
k8s-master002   Ready    master   16h   v1.19.0
k8s-master003   Ready    master   16h   v1.19.0

现在来部署第一个服务,这里以nginx为例

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl  run  nginx --image=nginx --port=80
pod/nginx created

可以看到,我们再k8s集群上创建了一个nginx应用,然后我们通过如下命令查看状态,发现现在nginx状态为Pending

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl  get po
NAME    READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
nginx   0/1     Pending   0          7s

现在我们使用kubectl describe命令来查看更多信息

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl  describe po nginx
Name:         nginx
Namespace:    default
Priority:     0
Node:         <none>
Labels:       run=nginx
Annotations:  <none>
Status:       Pending
IP:           
IPs:          <none>
Containers:
  nginx:
    Image:        nginx
    Port:         <none>
    Host Port:    <none>
    Environment:  <none>
    Mounts:
      /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount from default-token-6gd92 (ro)
Conditions:
  Type           Status
  PodScheduled   False 
Volumes:
  default-token-6gd92:
    Type:        Secret (a volume populated by a Secret)
    SecretName:  default-token-6gd92
    Optional:    false
QoS Class:       BestEffort
Node-Selectors:  <none>
Tolerations:     node.kubernetes.io/not-ready:NoExecute op=Exists for 300s
                 node.kubernetes.io/unreachable:NoExecute op=Exists for 300s
Events:
  Type     Reason            Age   From  Message
  ----     ------            ----  ----  -------
  Warning  FailedScheduling  15s         0/3 nodes are available: 3 node(s) had taint {node-role.kubernetes.io/master: }, that the pod didn‘t tolerate.
  Warning  FailedScheduling  14s         0/3 nodes are available: 3 node(s) had taint {node-role.kubernetes.io/master: }, that the pod didn‘t tolerate.

从输出信息可以看到最后两个事件3 node(s) had taint {node-role.kubernetes.io/master: }, that the pod didn‘t tolerate.

什么意思呢?什么意思呢?

这个提示表示,没有节点可以接受调度。

为什么会这样呢?

因为我们现在三个节点都是master节点,还没有添加node节点。默认情况下,master打了污点(taint,后续再介绍),master节点不接收调度。
由于我们这里是测试环境,没有多余的机器来作为node节点,可以手动删除master的污点,让master节点接收调度。
通过如下命令可以查看taint信息:

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl get no -o yaml | grep taint -A 5
          f:taints: {}
      manager: kube-controller-manager
      operation: Update
      time: "2020-09-10T09:10:40Z"
    - apiVersion: v1
      fieldsType: FieldsV1
--
    taints:
    - effect: NoSchedule
      key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
  status:
    addresses:
    - address: 10.26.25.20
--
          f:taints: {}
      manager: kube-controller-manager
      operation: Update
      time: "2020-09-10T09:30:25Z"
    - apiVersion: v1
      fieldsType: FieldsV1
--
    taints:
    - effect: NoSchedule
      key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
  status:
    addresses:
    - address: 10.26.25.21
--
          f:taints: {}
      manager: kube-controller-manager
      operation: Update
      time: "2020-09-10T09:35:43Z"
    - apiVersion: v1
      fieldsType: FieldsV1
--
    taints:
    - effect: NoSchedule
      key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
  status:
    addresses:
    - address: 10.26.25.22

删除污点node-role.kubernetes.io/master,如下所示

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl taint nodes --all node-role.kubernetes.io/master-
node/k8s-master001 untainted
node/k8s-master002 untainted
node/k8s-master003 untainted

然后现在在看nginx的状态,已经变为ContainerCreating,这表示已经分配到节点,开始创建nginx的pod了

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl  get po
NAME    READY   STATUS              RESTARTS   AGE
nginx   0/1     ContainerCreating   0          3m11s

使用kubectl get po -o wide查看,现在nginx已经正常运行了,而且可以看到,nginx现在被分配到 k8s-master001节点上,Pod IP是10.244.0.4

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl  get po -o wide
NAME    READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE   IP           NODE            NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES
nginx   1/1     Running   0          56m   10.244.0.4   k8s-master001   <none>           <none>

现在来访问nginx,熟悉的200出现了~~

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# curl -I  10.244.0.4
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: nginx/1.19.2
Date: Fri, 11 Sep 2020 02:22:41 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 612
Last-Modified: Tue, 11 Aug 2020 14:50:35 GMT
Connection: keep-alive
ETag: "5f32b03b-264"
Accept-Ranges: bytes

但是如果在非集群节点上访问10.244.0.4,比如在自己的电脑上访问

[~/b/] : curl -I 10.244.0.4
curl: (55) getpeername() failed with errno 22: Invalid argument

技术图片

现在就来解决这个问题,

1、我们删掉原来创建的nginx pod

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl  delete po nginx 
pod "nginx" deleted

2、创建nginx.yaml文件

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# cat nginx.yaml 
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
  name: nginx
  labels:
    app: nginx
spec:
  serviceName: nginx
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
    spec:
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 180
      containers:
      - name: nginx
        image: nginx
        imagePullPolicy: Always
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
          name: port
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: nginx
  labels:
    app: nginx
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - port: 80
    targetPort: 80
  selector:
    app: nginx

3、执行kubectl apply -f nginx.yaml部署

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl  apply -f nginx.yaml 
statefulset.apps/nginx created
service/nginx created

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# kubectl  get po,ep,svc
NAME          READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
pod/nginx-0   1/1     Running   0          24s

NAME                   ENDPOINTS                                            AGE
endpoints/kubernetes   10.26.25.20:6443,10.26.25.21:6443,10.26.25.22:6443   17h
endpoints/nginx        10.244.2.3:80                                        23s

NAME                 TYPE        CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)        AGE
service/kubernetes   ClusterIP   10.96.0.1       <none>        443/TCP        17h
service/nginx        NodePort    10.106.27.213   <none>        80:30774/TCP   23s

现在能看到,创建了一个名为nginx的service,把nginx默认的80端口映射到了30774
访问集群任意节点的IP:32650,这里是10.26.25.20:30774

在集群节点上访问:

[root@k8s-master001 ~]# curl -I   10.26.25.20:30774
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: nginx/1.19.2
Date: Fri, 11 Sep 2020 02:53:55 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 612
Last-Modified: Tue, 11 Aug 2020 14:50:35 GMT
Connection: keep-alive
ETag: "5f32b03b-264"
Accept-Ranges: bytes

在笔记本电脑上访问:

[~/b/wechatimages] : curl -I   10.26.25.20:30774
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: nginx/1.19.2
Date: Fri, 11 Sep 2020 02:54:24 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 612
Last-Modified: Tue, 11 Aug 2020 14:50:35 GMT
Connection: keep-alive
ETag: "5f32b03b-264"
Accept-Ranges: bytes

如果还是
技术图片
可以先行了解kubernetes的pod,endpoint,service等概念。。。后续文章也会陆续讲到。。。

注:文中图片来源于网络,如有侵权,请联系我及时删除。
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容器云平台No.3~kubernetes使用

标签:命令   第一个   出现   pods   概念   nal   add   mat   war   

原文地址:https://blog.51cto.com/1648324/2536148

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