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实验 4: Open vSwitch 实验——Mininet 中使用 OVS 命令

时间:2020-09-24 21:28:12      阅读:47      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:com   ssi   conf   link   and   数据包   iss   set   values   

一、实验目的

Mininet 安装之后,会连带安装 Open vSwitch,可以直接通过 Python 脚本调用Open vSwitch 命令, 从而直接控制 Open vSwitch, 通过实验了解调用控制的方法。

二、实验任务

在本实验中,使用 Mininet 基于 Python 的脚本,调用“ovs-vsctl”命令直接控制Open vSwitch。使用默认的交换机泛洪规则,设置更高的优先级规则进行预先定义 IP 报文的转发。在多个交换机中通过设置不同 TOS 值的数据包将通过不同的方式到达目的地址,验证主机间的连通性及到达目的地址的时间。

三、 实验步骤

学习 ovsSingleBr.py 和 ovsMultiBr.py,将 h0 和 h2 划分在 VLAN 0 中, h1 和 h3 划分在 VLAN 1 中, 测试 h0 和 h2 互通, h1 和 h3 互通

技术图片

from mininet.net import Mininet
from mininet.node import Node
from mininet.link import TCLink
from mininet.log import  setLogLevel, info
 
def myNet():
    "Create network from scratch using Open vSwitch."
 
    info( "*** Creating nodes\n" )
    switch0 = Node( ‘s0‘, inNamespace=False )
    switch1 = Node( ‘s1‘, inNamespace=False )
    
    h0 = Node( ‘h0‘ )
    h1 = Node( ‘h1‘ )
    h2 = Node( ‘h2‘ )
    h3 = Node( ‘h3‘ )
 
    info( "*** Creating links\n" )
    linkopts0=dict(bw=100, delay=‘1ms‘, loss=0)
    linkopts1=dict(bw=1, delay=‘100ms‘, loss=0)

    TCLink( h0, switch0, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( h1, switch0, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( h2, switch1, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( h3, switch1, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( switch0, switch1, **linkopts1)
 
    info( "*** Configuring hosts\n" )
    h0.setIP( ‘192.168.123.1/24‘ )
    h1.setIP( ‘192.168.123.2/24‘ )
    h2.setIP( ‘192.168.123.3/24‘ )
    h3.setIP( ‘192.168.123.4/24‘ )
       
    info( "*** Starting network using Open vSwitch\n" )
    switch0.cmd( ‘ovs-vsctl del-br dp0‘ )
    switch0.cmd( ‘ovs-vsctl add-br dp0‘ )
    switch1.cmd( ‘ovs-vsctl del-br dp1‘ )
    switch1.cmd( ‘ovs-vsctl add-br dp1‘ )
 
    for intf in switch0.intfs.values():
        print intf
        print switch0.cmd( ‘ovs-vsctl add-port dp0 %s‘ % intf )
 
    for intf in switch1.intfs.values():
        print intf
        print switch1.cmd( ‘ovs-vsctl add-port dp1 %s‘ % intf )
 
   
    print switch0.cmd(r‘ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp0 priority=1,in_port=1,actions=push_vlan:0x8100,set_field:4096-\>vlan_vid,output:3‘)
    print switch0.cmd(r‘ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp0 priority=1,in_port=2,actions=push_vlan:0x8100,set_field:4097-\>vlan_vid,output:3‘)
    print switch0.cmd(r‘ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp0 priority=1,dl_vlan=0,actions=pop_vlan,output:1‘)
    print switch0.cmd(r‘ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp0 priority=1,dl_vlan=1,actions=pop_vlan,output:2‘)

    print switch1.cmd(r‘ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp1 priority=1,in_port=1,actions=push_vlan:0x8100,set_field:4096-\>vlan_vid,output:3‘)
    print switch1.cmd(r‘ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp1 priority=1,in_port=2,actions=push_vlan:0x8100,set_field:4097-\>vlan_vid,output:3‘)
    print switch1.cmd(r‘ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp1 priority=1,dl_vlan=0,actions=pop_vlan,output:1‘)
    print switch1.cmd(r‘ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp1 priority=1,dl_vlan=1,actions=pop_vlan,output:2‘)
   
 
    #switch0.cmd(‘tcpdump -i s0-eth0 -U -w aaa &‘)
    #h0.cmd(‘tcpdump -i h0-eth0 -U -w aaa &‘)
    info( "*** Running test\n" )
    h0.cmdPrint( ‘ping -Q 0x10 -c 3 ‘ + h1.IP() )
    h0.cmdPrint( ‘ping -Q 0x20 -c 3 ‘ + h2.IP() )
    h0.cmdPrint( ‘ping -Q 0x30 -c 3 ‘ + h3.IP() )
    h1.cmdPrint( ‘ping -Q 0x20 -c 3 ‘ + h2.IP() )
    h1.cmdPrint( ‘ping -Q 0x30 -c 3 ‘ + h3.IP() )
    h2.cmdPrint( ‘ping -Q 0x60 -c 3 ‘ + h3.IP() )
    #h1.cmdPrint(‘iperf -s -p 12345 -u &‘)
    #h0.cmdPrint(‘iperf -c ‘ + h1.IP() +‘ -u -b 10m -p 12345 -t 10 -i 1‘)
 
    #print switch0.cmd( ‘ovs-ofctl show dp0‘ )    
    #print switch1.cmd( ‘ovs-ofctl show dp1‘ )
    #print switch2.cmd( ‘ovs-ofctl show dp2‘ )
    #print switch3.cmd( ‘ovs-ofctl show dp3‘ )
    #print switch4.cmd( ‘ovs-ofctl show dp4‘ )  
    #print switch0.cmd( ‘ovs-ofctl dump-tables  dp0‘ )
    #print switch0.cmd( ‘ovs-ofctl dump-ports   dp0‘ )
    #print switch0.cmd( ‘ovs-ofctl dump-flows  dp0‘ )
    #print switch0.cmd( ‘ovs-ofctl dump-aggregate  dp0‘ )
    #print switch0.cmd( ‘ovs-ofctl queue-stats dp0‘ )
 
    #print "Testing video transmission between h1 and h2"
    #h1.cmd(‘./myrtg_svc -u > myrd &‘)
    #h0.cmd(‘./mystg_svc -trace st 192.168.123.2‘)
 
    info( "*** Stopping network\n" )
    switch0.cmd( ‘ovs-vsctl del-br dp0‘ )
    switch0.deleteIntfs()
    switch1.cmd( ‘ovs-vsctl del-br dp1‘ )
    switch1.deleteIntfs()
    info( ‘\n‘ )
 
if __name__ == ‘__main__‘:
    setLogLevel( ‘info‘ )
    info( ‘*** Scratch network demo (kernel datapath)\n‘ )
    Mininet.init()
    myNet()

技术图片

技术图片

实验 4: Open vSwitch 实验——Mininet 中使用 OVS 命令

标签:com   ssi   conf   link   and   数据包   iss   set   values   

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/ThreeSmall/p/13720387.html

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