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Centos8部署Ceph集群对接OpenStack(U版本)

时间:2020-10-22 23:13:23      阅读:42      评论:0      收藏:0      [点我收藏+]

标签:改ip   对象   amp   public   shell   create   size   admin   stat   

简介

Linux持续不断进军可扩展计算空间,特别是可扩展存储空间,Ceph 最近加入到 Linux 中令人印象深刻的文件系统备选行列,它是一个分布式文件系统,能够在维护 POSIX 兼容性的同时加入了复制和容错功能
Ceph 生态系统架构可以划分为四部分:
1、Clients:客户端(数据用户)
2、cmds:Metadata server cluster,元数据服务器(缓存和同步分布式元数据)
3、cosd:Object storage cluster,对象存储集群(将数据和元数据作为对象存储,执行其他关键职能)
4、cmon:Cluster monitors,集群监视器(执行监视功能)

前期准备

准备两台Centos8虚拟机,配置IP地址和hostname,同步系统时间,关闭防火墙和selinux,修改IP地址和hostname映射,每台虚拟机添加一块硬盘

ip hostname
192.168.29.148 controller
192.168.29.149 computer

配置openstack可参考:https://blog.51cto.com/14832653/2542863
注:若已经创建openstack集群,需要先把实例,镜像和卷进行删除
安装ceph源

[root@controller ~]# yum install centos-release-ceph-octopus.noarch -y
[root@computer ~]# yum install centos-release-ceph-octopus.noarch -y

安装ceph组件

[root@controller ~]# yum install cephadm -y
[root@computer ~]# yum install ceph -y

computer结点安装libvirt

[root@computer ~]# yum install libvirt -y

部署ceph集群

创建集群

[root@controller ~]# mkdir -p /etc/ceph
[root@controller ~]# cd /etc/ceph/
[root@controller ceph]# cephadm boostrap --mon-ip 192.168.29.148
[root@controller ceph]# ceph status
[root@controller ceph]#  cephadm install ceph-common
[root@controller ceph]# ssh-copy-id -f -i /etc/ceph/ceph.pub root@computer

修改配置

[root@controller ceph]# ceph config set mon public_network 192.168.29.0/24

添加主机

[root@controller ceph]# ceph orch host add computer
[root@controller ceph]# ceph orch host ls

初始化集群监控

[root@controller ceph]# ceph orch host label add controller mon
[root@controller ceph]# ceph orch host label add computer mon
[root@controller ceph]# ceph orch apply mon label:mon
[root@controller ceph]# ceph orch daemon add mon computer:192.168.29.149

创建OSD

[root@controller ceph]# ceph orch daemon add osd controller:/dev/nvme0n2
[root@controller ceph]# ceph orch daemon add osd computer:/dev/nvme0n3

查看集群状态

[root@controller ceph]# ceph -s

查看集群容量

[root@controller ceph]# ceph df

创建pool

[root@controller ceph]# ceph osd pool create volumes 64
[root@controller ceph]# ceph osd pool create vms 64

#设置自启动
[root@controller ceph]# ceph osd pool application enable vms mon
[root@controller ceph]# ceph osd pool application enable volumes mon

查看mon,osd,pool状态

[root@controller ceph]# ceph mon stat
[root@controller ceph]#  ceph osd status
[root@controller ceph]# ceph osd lspools

查看pool情况

[root@controller ~]# rbd ls vms
[root@controller ~]# rbd ls volumes

ceph集群与openstack对接

创建cinder并设置权限

[root@controller ceph]# ceph auth get-or-create client.cinder mon ‘allow r‘ osd ‘allow class-read object_prefix rbd_children,allow rwx pool=volumes,allow rwx pool=vms‘

设置密钥

[root@controller ceph]# ceph auth get-or-create client.cinder | tee /etc/ceph/ceph.client.cinder.keyring

#传送密钥到computer
[root@controller ~]# ceph auth get-key client.cinder > client.cinder.key
[root@controller ~]# scp client.cinder.key computer:/root/

#修改权限
[root@controller ceph]# chown  cinder.cinder /etc/ceph/ceph.client.cinder.keyring

设置密钥

#computer生成uuid
[root@computer ~]#uuidgen
1fad1f90-63fb-4c15-bfc3-366c6559c1fe 

#创建密钥文件
[root@computer ~]# vi secret.xml
 <secret ephemeral=‘no‘ private=‘no‘>
   <uuid>1fad1f90-63fb-4c15-bfc3-366c6559c1fe </uuid>
   <usage type=‘ceph‘>
    <name>client.cinder secret</name>
   </usage>
</secret>

#定义密钥
virsh secret-define --file secret.xml

#设置密钥
virsh secret-set-value --secret 1fad1f90-63fb-4c15-bfc3-366c6559c1fe  --base64 $(cat client.cinder.key) && rm -rf client.cinder.key secret.xml

设置对接cinder模块

修改配置文件

[root@controller ~]# vi /etc/cinder/cinder.conf
[default]
rpc_backend = rabbit
auth_strategy = keystone
my_ip = 192.168.29.148
enabled_backends = ceph

[ceph]
default_volume_type= ceph
glance_api_version = 2  
volume_driver = cinder.volume.drivers.rbd.RBDDriver
volume_backend_name = ceph
rbd_pool = volumes
rbd_ceph_conf = /etc/ceph/ceph.conf
rbd_flatten_volume_from_snapshot = false
rbd_max_clone_depth = 5
rbd_store_chunk_size = 4
rados_connect_timeout = -1
rbd_user = cinder
#对应computer创建的uuid
rbd_secret_uuid = 1fad1f90-63fb-4c15-bfc3-366c6559c1fe 

同步数据库

#若已经有数据库,对数据库进行删除并重新创建和同步
[root@controller ~]# su -s /bin/sh -c "cinder-manage db sync" cinder

重启服务

[root@controller ~]# systemctl restart openstack-cinder-api.service openstack-cinder-scheduler.service openstack-cinder-volume.service

设置ceph的类型和存储类型

[root@controller ~]# source admin-openrc 
[root@controller ~]# cinder type-create  ceph 
[root@controller ~]# cinder type-key ceph set volume_backend_name=ceph

对接nova-compute模块

computer结点修改配置文件

[root@computer ~]# vi /etc.nova/nova.conf
[libvirt]
virt_type = qemu
inject_password = true
inject_partition = -1
images_type = rbd
images_rbd_pool = vms
images_rbd_ceph_conf = /etc/ceph/ceph.conf
rbd_user = cinder
rbd_secret_uuid = 1fad1f90-63fb-4c15-bfc3-366c6559c1fe
disk_cachemodes = "network=writeback"
live_migration_flag = "VIR_MIGRATE_UNDEFINE_SOURCE,VIR_MIGRATE_PEER2PEER,VIR_MIGRATE_LIVE,VIR_MIGRATE_PERSIST_DEST,VIR_MIGRATE_TUNNELLED"
hw_disk_discard = unmap
[root@computer ~]# vi /etc/ceph/ceph.conf 
[client]
rbd cache=true
rbd cache writethrough until flush=true
admin socket = /var/run/ceph/guests/$cluster-$type.$id.$pid.$cctid.asok
log file = /var/log/qemu/qemu-guest-$pid.log
rbd concurrent management ops = 20

创建日志目录

[root@computer ~]# mkdir -p /var/run/ceph/guests/ /var/log/qemu/
[root@computer ~]# chown 777 -R /var/run/ceph/guests/ /var/log/qemu/

controller下发密钥

[root@controller ~]# cd /etc/ceph
[root@controller ~]# scp ceph.client.cinder.keyring root@computer:/etc/ceph

重启服务

[root@computer ~]# systemctl stop libvirtd openstack-nova-compute
[root@computer ~]# systemctl start libvirtd openstack-nova-compute

Centos8部署Ceph集群对接OpenStack(U版本)

标签:改ip   对象   amp   public   shell   create   size   admin   stat   

原文地址:https://blog.51cto.com/14832653/2542874

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