# A Simple Problem with Integers POJ - 3468

You have N integers, A1, A2, ... , AN. You need to deal with two kinds of operations. One type of operation is to add some given number to each number in a given interval. The other is to ask for the sum of numbers in a given interval.

Input

The first line contains two numbers N and Q. 1 ≤ N,Q ≤ 100000.
The second line contains N numbers, the initial values of A1, A2, ... , AN. -1000000000 ≤ Ai ≤ 1000000000.
Each of the next Q lines represents an operation.
"C a b c" means adding c to each of Aa, Aa+1, ... , Ab. -10000 ≤ c ≤ 10000.
"Q a b" means querying the sum of Aa, Aa+1, ... , Ab.

Output

You need to answer all Q commands in order. One answer in a line.

Sample Input

```10 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Q 4 4
Q 1 10
Q 2 4
C 3 6 3
Q 2 4
```

Sample Output

```4
55
9
15```

Hint

The sums may exceed the range of 32-bit integers.

``` 1 #include<cstdio>
2 #include<cstring>
3 #include<iostream>
4 #include<algorithm>
5 #define lson l , m , rt << 1
6 #define rson m+1,r , rt << 1 | 1
7 using namespace std;
8 typedef long long ll;
9
10 const int maxn=200000;
11
12 int n,q;
14
15 void Pushup(int rt){ sum[rt]=sum[rt<<1]+sum[(rt<<1)|1]; }
16
17 void Pushdown(int rt,int m){
24     }
25 }
26
27 void Build(int l,int r,int rt){
29     if(l==r) { scanf("%lld",&sum[rt]); return; }
30     int m=(l+r)>>1;
31     Build(lson);
32     Build(rson);
33     Pushup(rt);
34 }
35
36 void Update(int L,int R,int c,int l,int r,int rt){
37     if(L<=l&&r<=R){
39         sum[rt]+=(ll)c*(r-l+1);
40         return ;
41     }
42     Pushdown(rt,r-l+1);
43     int m=(l+r)>>1;
44     if(L<=m) Update(L,R,c,lson);
45     if(R>m)  Update(L,R,c,rson);
46     Pushup(rt);
47 }
48
49 ll Query(int L,int R,int l,int r,int rt){
50     if(L<=l&&r<=R) return sum[rt];
51     Pushdown(rt,r-l+1);
52     int m=(l+r)>>1;
53     ll temp=0;
54     if(L<=m) temp+=Query(L,R,lson);
55     if(R>m)  temp+=Query(L,R,rson);
56     return temp;
57 }
58
59 int main()
60 {   cin>>n>>q;
61     Build(1,n,1);
62     while(q--){
63         char op[2];
64         scanf("%s",op);
65         int a,b,c;
66         if(op[0]==‘Q‘){
67             scanf("%d%d",&a,&b);
68             printf("%lld\n",Query(a,b,1,n,1));
69         }
70         if(op[0]==‘C‘){
71             scanf("%d%d%d",&a,&b,&c);
72             Update(a,b,c,1,n,1);
73         }
74     }
75     return 0;
76 }```

A Simple Problem with Integers POJ - 3468

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